Buyers Guides

Bathroom Toilets Jargon Buster

Close up of toilet

Buying any new bathroom fixture can be a daunting experience, especially if you’re confronted with a load of jargon that seems to make no sense. Buying a good quality toilet is such an important part of building a bathroom, so here are a few words and phrases you might come across while you browse. This guide can stop the process from being confusing, helping you make sense of all the jargon!

Back to wall toilet

A back to wall toilet is one that sits flat against the wall, with the cistern and pipework completely concealed so only the toilet bowl itself is exposed. The cistern is fitted into either the wall or a toilet unit.


A bidet is a small basin-like structure which is typically found next to the toilet in a bathroom. Controlled by a tap, it provides an intimate clean, making sure you are always feeling fresh.

Close coupled

A close coupled toilet has the cistern attached directly to the pan. These are the most common toilets in the UK, since they require less forward-planning than either wall-hung or back to wall toilets. There is no need to have the cistern fitted elsewhere, so they are ideal if you are looking for a new toilet to go in an existing bathroom suite.

Concealed cistern

A concealed cistern is built into either a wall or a toilet unit, totally hidden from view. They are usually accessible via a flush panel – if they are in the wall – or by removing a section of the countertop, if part of a unit. Many people opt for this because it de-clutters the room, leaving just the toilet bowl exposed.

Corner toilet

A corner toilet is built slightly differently to other toilets. Instead of having a flat-backed cistern, the cistern is triangular, meaning that the toilet can slot neatly into the corner of the room. The direction of the pipes differs from other toilets too.

Dual flush

Toilets with a dual flush system give you the option of a reduced flush, which uses up to 50% less water than a standard flush. The flush button has two halves, which allows you to select which level of flush you want. This is both environmentally efficient and money-saving.

Reduced projection

The projection of the toilet bowl refers to how far it sticks out at the front. If it has a ‘reduced’ projection this means it does not stick out as far, taking up less floor space. The more petite toilets have a typically projection of around 65cm.

Soft closing seat

If a toilet seat is soft closing, this means that it does not slam. Instead, it slows down a couple of inches from the bowl, closing gradually and quietly. This is ideal if you are furnishing a bathroom that small children will use.

Toilet and basin unit

A toilet and basin unit is a box-like structure that encases both the toilet and the basin. It also creates extra storage space, since they typically come with drawers or cupboards built into them. The cistern and pipework are concealed within the unit, which keeps the fixtures looking neat and tidy. The cistern is usually accessible via a removable panel in the unit.

Toilet unit

A toilet unit does much the same job as a toilet and sink unit, but without the additional room for the basin. These units are, again, very box-like in shape, fitting around the toilet and concealing everything except the bowl. The cistern is hidden within the unit, accessible via a panel, while the pipework at the back is also hidden from view.

Wall-hung frame

A wall-hung toilet needs to be mounted onto a metal frame so that it can stay securely on the wall. This frame is fitted against the wall, and usually comes with the flush button included so that all the vital components are covered.

Wall-hung toilet

Wall-hung toilets are mounted onto the bathroom wall rather than resting on the floor. Their cistern is typically concealed within the wall, accessible via the flush panel. These toilets are often quite petite and by hovering a few inches off the floor, they create the illusion of extra room, making them ideal for bathrooms with limited space. In order to fit them securely, you will need to purchase a wall-hung frame onto which the toilet is mounted.

Water-saving toilet

These toilets have a dual flush system, allowing you to decide whether to use a full or reduced flush. A standard, full flush uses approximately six litres of water every time, whereas a reduced one uses only three, making them very efficient as well as money-saving. They come in a range of shapes, sizes and styles, so any bathroom can benefit from one.

Now you’re all clued up, take a look at our range of Bathroom Toilets.



Writer and expert